Ulcerative Colitis: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment!
What most people do not even care about is a key factor in their life: colorectal ulceration patients. This is limited by a chronic inflammation process, leading to numerous unpleasant, sometimes dangerous symptoms. Ulcerative colitis, like Crohn’s disease, is a chronic inflammatory disease.
Colitis is a chronic inflammatory disease
Both diseases are characterized by similar symptoms but differ in the intestinal sections and tissue layers, as well as in their prognosis. About 100,000 people in Germany suffer from one of the two diseases every year. This affects mainly people in the third and seventh decades of life. Although chronic inflammatory diseases occur worldwide, they occur more frequently in western industries.
An adapted diet for ulcerative colitis is important for the course and life with this chronic inflammatory disease (CED).
Ulcerative colitis: Symptoms and symptoms
The ulcerative colitis (ulcerative colitis) is characterized by a sudden or constant inflammation of the colorectal mucous membrane (colitis), which usually begins in the rectum and gradually spreads into the entire colon in up to 20 percent of the affected patients. The remaining portions of the gastrointestinal tract are not affected, in contrast to Crohn’s disease. The inflammatory changes, abscesses, haemorrhages, and ulcers ( ulcers ) are limited to the surface of the mucous membrane, which in the course of time changes by the constant stimulus and thus cannot properly function.
Ulcerative colitis: causes and triggers
The causes are still not sufficiently known. It is assumed that disturbances of the immune system lead to diseased interactions with the intestinal mucosa and thus to the inflammatory stimuli. The familial accumulation suggests a hereditary component. Infections are also discussed as triggers. While the disease risk for Crohn’s disease is increased by smoking; ulcerative colitis occurs less frequently in smokers.
Ulcerative colitis: therapy
The disease ulcerative colitis can only be healed by an operation (OP). This operation means complete removal of the colon (colectomy). This, however, is reserved only for certain complications and severe courses of ulcerative colitis, in which the symptoms do not improve by medicament treatment.
The purpose of the latter is, on the one hand, to prolong the period between the disease episodes, and, on the other, to reduce the relapses. The use of anti-inflammatory agents, which, if possible, only be used at the site of the action (for example by suppository), must be given in severe cases, but also through the bloodstream.
Important drugs are aminosalicylates or cortisone preparations. If these do not help against ulcerative colitis, agents that slow the immune system (immunosuppressive drugs) are prescribed. Still on trial are the addition of antibiotics, incense extracts and so-called growth factors.
In order to alleviate the disease in ulcerative colitis, probiotics, ie certain bacteria which improve the intestinal flora (Escherichia coli Nissle), are also recommended. A promising alternative could be the “cocktail” of eggs of the swine whipworm regularly taken twice a month. From these, the parasites are to hatch in the intestine, which after a short time die and are excreted. Behind this is the idea that the immune system is stimulated. The efficacy has not yet been proven.
The exact treatment plan for this ulcerative therapy depends on the patient’s individual course, the severity of the disease, the age of the patient, and whether an acute stroke is present (“acute therapy”) or is only to be prevented (“maintenance therapy”).
Colitis ulcerosa: nutrition and bed rest
Important is the timely visit to the doctor, as soon as ulcerative colitis symptoms occur since the early medication intervention can shorten the duration and severity of the thrust. During an inflammatory thrust, it is sensible to keep bed rest and possibly also with the food intake. In severe cases of ulcerative colitis, hospitalization may need to be followed and an infusion should be administered. A special diet for ulcerative colitis patients is not necessary, even if a balanced, light whole-meal diet is sensible.
Bleeding often occurs on, may need iron are supplied by prolonged Einnnahme of cortisone to provide calcium and vitamin D in order to prevent bone damage. Psychological support and self-help groups make it easier for those affected to cope with the disease.
Ulcerative colitis: progression and prognosis
If only the last intestinal sections of ulcerative colitis are affected, the prognosis is good. However, if the entire colon is infected, life expectancy is limited. Also, a severe first thrust, a high age at the onset of disease and complications deteriorate the prognosis in ulcerative colitis. In order to detect cancer precursors at an early stage, regular control colonoscopy in ulcerative colitis is unavoidable from the eighth year onwards.