Something beats on the stomach – the most common stomach problems
Heartburn, reflux, functional dyspepsia, nausea and vomiting, inflammation and ulcer, Helicobacter pylori – just to name a few. The stomach is in constant use and more sensitive than some might think. Therefore, it is absolutely necessary to deal a little closer with the stomach. What is good for the stomach? What harms him? What should one pay attention to?
Basically, eating too much as well as eating too fatty, alcohol, coke, coffee and stress hit the stomach. Let’s start with the symptom heartburn.
Stomach problems: heartburn
Causes that may favor a backflow of stomach acid are explained by the gastroenterologist Ulrich R. Fölsch (Secretary General of the German Society of Internal Medicine): “This can be a congenital defect of the muscle. Even heavy obesity changes the anatomy in such a way that the stomach pushes upwards and the janitor cannot close properly. “Cola, coffee and white wine contain substances that weaken the strength of the sphincter.
If you suffer from heartburn several times a week, then you should do something about it, otherwise the acid can not only cause inflammation in the esophagus, but also trigger a permanent change in the mucosa at the bottom of the esophagus. Later, this can lead to cancer.
Stomach disorders: irritable stomach
Mostly hypersensitive gastric nerves are the cause. External factors include nervousness, stress and anxiety. “Eat only small meals and eat more often; Food that you can not tolerate, really avoid; It is best to remove fat and alcohol altogether, “advises Fölsch. In addition to relaxation exercises also help herbal teas such as chamomile, cumin and peppermint.
Stomach discomfort: nausea
Vomiting can be understood as self-protection of the body, which wants to protect itself from harmful. “If one has eaten or drunk too much, then vomits once or twice and feels relieved, the stomach has rightly resisted.” According to Fölsch’s conclusion. “But if you vomit more often, it is not better the next day or diarrhea is, you should go to the doctor.”
Stomach disorders: gastritis
Stress, acetylsalicylic acid, paracetamol, alcohol and coffee attack the surface of the gastric mucosa. “The hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice is aggressive, the bicarbonate in the gastric mucosa defensive. They keep each other in balance, “expert Fölsch knows. However, if too little bicarbonate available, the hydrochloric acid injured the gastric mucosa. It forms an inflammation. In the long term, this leads to erosion of the mucous membrane. The acid now freely attacks the deep layers of the stomach wall. ”
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