Peptic Ulcer: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Risk Factor
What Is Peptic Ulcer Disease? The Peptic ulcer is known to as the issues found in the stomach in the form of blisters, ulcers and acidic perforations which are quite painful. There are three types of peptic ulcers depending on the position of their occurrence, mentioned as follows:
- Esophageal Ulcers: Ulcers developing in the oesophagus (a muscular tube passing food from the mouth to stomach)
- Gastric Ulcers: development of ulcers anywhere in the stomach.that develop inside the stomach. Acid secretions in the stomach contribute in increasing the pain and exacerbate the condition of the ulcer.
- Duodenal Ulcers: Duodenum is the junction where stomach ends and intestine starts. Ulcers can sprout and develop in duodenum as well known as Duodenal Ulcer.
What Causes Peptic Ulcer?
The cause behind the development of ulcers is multiple. However, researchers have made this very clear that excessive acid secretion and other digestive fluids are the basic reason for ulcer development in oesophagus, stomach and duodenum. In the presence of excessive digestive fluids, there is a bacteria known as Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), it actively participates in the formation of an ulcer.
There are certain circumstances that can either or cause or facilitate the growth of ulcer:
- Surplus acid secretion either from the glands or Gastronomes (acid producing tumour)
- Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed as painkillers but unfortunately, they might act opposite to their nature. NSAIDs include aspirin, naproxen and ibuprofen which are normally prescribed.
- Excessive Alcohol consumption.
- Radiation beams used as a treatment might also make the ulcer worse.
- Smoke Addiction.
PEPTIC ULCER SYMPTOMS:
Peptic Ulcer might emerge up with the following symptoms:
- Unbearable and Burning agony around the stomach area. A gnawing or burning pain in the middle or upper stomach between meals or at night.
- Nausea even vomiting
- Swelling and Bloating
The ulcer can get worse and might start showing even worse symptoms which include:
- Dark or black stool (due to bleeding)
- Multiple Blood Vomitings
- Reduced weight
- Drastic pain in the mid to upper abdomen
PEPTIC ULCER DIAGNOSIS:
The Peptic Ulcer is normally identified by the doctors by pondering at the symptoms. Still, doctors suggest tests for confirmation of the disease. At the very beginning, doctors prescribe medication which is for the treatment of symptoms along with acid control medication for reducing the release of acid. For the diagnosis of severity, upper endoscopy is used. In this procedure, a tube with a camera through the mouth is taken all the way in the stomach (affected area) and severity is examined then. further treatment entirely depends on the severity of the ulcer.
PEPTIC ULCER TREATMENT:
The Peptic ulcer has to be treated properly and efficiently so that it doesn’t grow back or get worse.The exacerbated ulcer can lead to severe health issues. Through all the time and ages, scientists and doctors have developed several ways to treat peptic ulcer depending upon the severity and seriousness of the problem. Peptic Ulcer Treatment includes the following:
Peptic Ulcer Diet
- Smaller Meals: The patient should take multiple smaller meals to reduce the load on the stomach so that lesser secretions are made.
- Fermented Food: Fermented food carries good bacteria which are favourable for health.
- High Fiber Food: Fiber food helps recovery ulcer.
- Avoid spicy food and caffeine intake.
- Use of Aloe Vera can help heal the lining of the gastrointestinal tract.
- L-Glutamine: It can help in protecting and healing the lining.
Peptic Ulcer Medications:
Medication of Peptic Ulcer most commonly comprises of the following:
- Antibiotics: In case the patient is suffering from Peptic Ulcer due to H. pylori, then doctors prescribe antibiotics to fight the bacteria. The complete course of antibiotics is prescribed from one to two weeks.
- Upper Endoscopy: Bleeding peptic ulcers can be treated well via endoscopy.
- Proton pump inhibitors: PPI medication actively participates in the reduction of acid secretions thus helping in quick recovery of peptic ulcer. They include dexlansoprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, omeprazole, pantoprazole, rabeprazole and omeprazole.
- Peptic Ulcer Surgery: Unfortunately ulcers can grow into big wounds and also can turn into holes in the stomach for the treatment of such issues Surgery gets mandatory so that excessive bleeding can be stopped and easy healing of ulcer.
RISK FACTOR FOR PEPTIC ULCER:
Following are the commonly known risk factors for peptic ulcer:
- Smoking Addiction.
- Alcohol consumption.
- excessive intake of NSAIDs.
- Regularly eating spicy food.
Scientifically Proven: Stroke: The causes, symptoms and treatment options!