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OVARIAN CYSTS: Formation, Signs and Treatment


 Ovarian cysts  Definition: Approximately seven percent of women have one or more cysts in the ovary, mostly accidentally discovered in the ultrasound. Fortunately, these fluid-filled cavities are rarely a matter of concern; they often disappear spontaneously. Ovarian cysts can occur in any age, individually or in large numbers, on one or both ovaries. They do not grow by the proliferation of cells, but by the accumulation of tissue fluid. They are the most common benign tumours on the ovary.



Formation of Ovarian Cysts: The vast majority of cysts develop from the normal hormonal function of the ovine. They are also called functional cysts. They occur predominantly among women in sexual maturity, and especially often during puberty and menopause, in times when the interplay of hormones is subject to a strong change.

  • The most common form is the follicular cyst (bladder cyst). It occurs more often in young women during a menstrual cycle in the development of a fertilizing egg in the ovary. The egg leaf matures but does not burst to release the egg. Ovulation is thus still present, and the vesicle continues to grow by the accumulation of fluid. In more than 90%, follicular cysts spontaneously recur or burst in the course of one or two menstrual cycles.
  • Other functional cysts are caused by haemorrhage (often in the pregnancy ) incurred luteum cyst (corpus luteum cysts), which usually regress spontaneously.
  • A further form is the lute cysts occurring frequently in both ovaries, which are mainly caused by increased production of a certain hormone. They can also be the result of a hormonal treatment in the case of unfulfilled children ‘s wishes and are usually formed when the hormone treatment is discontinued.
  • Polycystic ovaries (PCO) are numerous ovarian cysts, which are the main feature of PCO syndrome (an independent disease).

Cysts, which grow independently of the function of the ovaries, and are produced by secretion, are less frequent. They are called organic cysts or retention cysts. They also form a cavity, which, however, contains, for example, gland secretions or chocolate-coloured thickened blood degradation products (chocolate cyst), but also hair, teeth or other body tissue (dermoid cyst). Chocolate cysts are produced as part of an endometriosis; Dermoid cysts rarely become malignant over time.


Ovarian Cysts Symptoms: Most ovarian cysts are inconspicuous and are accidentally discovered in an ultrasound examination. If a cyst is noticeable, it is usually already quite large, and thus presses on surrounding tissue or organs. The complaints are often only diffuse, often a feeling of pressure or unilateral pulling pain in the abdomen. Irregular or severe menstrual bleeding also occurs.



Ovarian Cysts Treatment: In many cases, it is worthwhile to observe the growth of the cyst first, because it resets itself in up to 98% of cases. However, even small cysts that do not cause discomfort should be regularly monitored by ultrasound and palpation. If they grow particularly fast, do not respond to medication, make more severe discomfort or appear suspicious in the ultrasound examination, surgical removal is recommended.

  • Regular check-ups: In women after the menopausal period, waiting with regular controls is justified in inconspicuous cysts, but the decision of an operative distance will be considered, since in the older age the danger of a malignant neoplasm increases.
  • Ovarian Cysts Medication: The antibacterial or other hormonal preparations with gestagen or gestagen and estrogen suppress the ovarian function. They can thus stop the growth of the cyst or even lead to their regression. In addition, they prevent a new cyst formation. Other drugs that intervene in the hormonal control loop are GnRH analogues and Danazol; the last substance is used especially in endometriosis cysts.
  • Ovarian Cysts Removal Surgery: Various surgical procedures are available for a surgical procedure, from the so-called keyhole surgery to the abdominal section with opening of the abdominal wall. Which method is selected depends on the size of the cyst and the recorded findings. Many cysts can be removed using laparoscopy or pelviscopy using the so-called “keyhole surgery”.

Scientifically Proven: AUTOIMMUNE THYROIDITIS: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis and Treatment

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