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MIGRAINE: Types, Signs,Causes and Treatment

MIGRAINE: Types, Signs,Causes and Treatment

MIGRAINE: Types, Signs,Causes and Treatment


Migraine Definition:

A migraine is a severe headache that has various types, which usually results in a throbbing or pulsing sensation, more often on one side of the head. Migraines are normally accompanied by vision distortion or temporary blurry vision, sensitivity to light or sound and might result in nausea and vomiting.
These migraines usually last from 4 to 72 hours, as per medical research and can cause severe pain depending on the frequency of the headaches.

Types of Migraine:

Common migraines: Common migraines exist in almost 4 out of 5 people who have migraines normally. These migraines are not as severe in intensity and patients do not normally exhibit the symptom of “aura” in these migraines.
Classic Migraines: People experiencing classic migraines usually get “auras” before their headaches, which is described as a constant zig zag blurry motion that disturbs the vision. These are painful headaches and last longer than common migraines.
Status Migrainous: This is a migraine headache that lasts for more than 72 hours and is a severe migraine that might result in disability as well.


Causes of Migraine:

It is known that there is no definite cause of migraines but doctors do believe that mostly it occurs due to blood vessel expansion and chemicals such as dopamine or serotonin can cause this expansion. Sometimes people experience migraines because of certain triggers such as some foods e.g. chocolate, caffeine, dairy, nuts, alcohol and MSG.
A high level of stress or an environment that induces stress may cause you to experience migraines. Birth control pills, vasodilators, smoking and skipping meals may cause you to get a migraine as well. Hormonal changes in women can also be the reason behind a migraine. The Higher level of estrogen in the blood can be the onset reason of a migraine. Women with the history with a migraine may also seem to get migraine attacks around their period cycle. There are certain food additives and food that can also facilitate and trigger a migraine. Such food additives might include sweetener aspartame and food preservatives. There are certain environmental factors that can induce a migraine e.g; the high beam of light, strong smell and loud noises.
MIGRAINE: Types, Signs,Causes and Treatment

Symptoms of Migraine:

There are four stages of Migraine each having different signs and symptoms:

Prodrome: The period of one or two days before the migraine attack:

  1. Hunger pangs
  2.  Excessive Urination
  3. Constipation
  4. Mood Swings
  5. Redundant Yawning

Migraine Aura: It is the time that is just before the attack:

  1. Blurred vision
  2. Difficulty in speaking
  3. Unnecessary hearing
  4. Needle sensation
  5.  Jerking

Migraine Attack:  Migraine can last for as long as 72 hours. Migraine can either b very rare or very common to experience by the victim, depending on his or her health position.

  1. Lost vision
  2. Lightheadedness, seldom accompanied by fainting
  3. Pain on one side or both sides of the head
  4. Pain that appears like beating or pulsing
  5. Nausea and vomiting
  6. Irritability to light and sounds

Post-drome: The Post drome is a phase when the migraine attack is over and the victim has a feeling of being drained out like totally. 

  1. Confusion
  2. Mood Swings
  3. weakness
  4. Illness
  5. Ticklishness to light and sound

MIGRAINE: Types, Signs,Causes and Treatment



Migraine Medication prescribed is normally for the treatment of both symptoms and the attack. Such medication also inhibits the further induction of the migraine attack. These medications are classified into two classes

  1. Pain-relieving medications: Medication used for the purpose to reduce pain.
  2. Preventive medications:  Medication to prevent the victim from further attacks

Pain relievers:

  • Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen are prescribed because they help in relieving mild migraines. Combination of acetaminophen, aspirin and caffeine is also used to get rid of the pain.
  • Ergotamine with the combination of caffeine drugs is effective for a migraine which lasts for more than 48 hours. Dihydroergotamine is an ergotamine derivative and it is now normally used as it has fewer side effects.
  • Triptans directly restrict the pain by constricting blood vessels and also treat the symptoms of the migraine.  Side effects of triptans involve reactions at the injection section, vomiting, dizziness, sleepiness and muscle weakness.
  • Glucocorticoids are combined with other drugs to increasi=e the pain relieving property of the medicine

Preventive medications:

  • OnabotulinumtoxinA
  • Anti-seizure drugs
  • Antidepressants
  • Cardiovascular drugs (Beta blockers)

Scientifically Proven: LUNG CANCER: Signs, Causes, Types and Treatments

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