Meningitis: causes, symptoms and treatments!
Ladies and gentlemen, this article will focus on one of the deadliest diseases called Meningitis, which has resulted in a number of casualties. Meningitis is a serious concern for people who are surviving in unfit and unhealthy environments. That is why this article aims to help you understand the meningitis definition, meningitis types, the causes of meningitis, the symptoms of meningitis and the meningitis medication or meningitis treatment methods. Let’s take a look below to find out more about this disease:
what is meningitis?
Let’s now define meningitis. Meningitis basically results from a wide range of condition such as physical injury, unfit conditions of living, cancer, using certain drugs or getting infections. Meningitis is however due to the swelling or inflammation of the various protective membranes that are supposed to cover the brain and the spine. Meningitis might result from a bacterial infection. However there are certain types of meningitis:
Bacterial meningitis is a type of meningitis caused by bacteria, which may result in the initiation of an infection. This can be deadly and therefore medical attention should immediately be provided. However, recent studies show that there are certain meningitis vaccines which have been developed to counter bacterial meningitis.
Viral meningitis is a type of meningitis that is caused by viruses entering the boy and is deemed to be serious but still less severe than bacterial meningitis. If a person is immune then the meningitis gets better on its own. However, there are certain meningitis vaccines which have been developed for viral meningitis. Viral meningitis’ long-term effects are taken to be none.
Fungal meningitis is a type of meningitis caused by fungi and is typically considered to be rare. However, people can still get fungal meningitis because of the environment they operate in or even as an aftermath of certain chronic diseases.
Causes of meningitis:
what causes meningitis?
It is important to realize that the types of meningitis listed and explained above are very much interlinked to the causes of meningitis. Bacteria, viruses and fungi are paramount causes of this deadly disease. However there are certain risk factors for meningitis and preventive measures that can be taken to an extent. If you have not taken the recommended vaccines procedures as a child then you may be at risk. It is believed that people younger than 5 years of age usually experience viral meningitis more often and people below 20 years of age are more likely to get bacterial meningitis. If you are living in a large community setting that forms part of the work environment and home environment you operate in, you might be at risk. This means that college dormitories, hospitals, military bases, boarding schools etc are prone to the risk of this disease. A lack of a properly functioning immune system may also make you susceptible to meningitis. Pregnancy may also increase the risk of meningitis.
Symptoms of meningitis:
what are meningitis symptoms?
Possible signs of meningitis or the symptoms of meningitis that may come to attention immediately after the infection could be a sudden high fever such accompanied by a severe headache. This headache may also cause you nausea or vomiting as well and it may cause you to experience confusion or difficulty in focusing or understanding. A stiff neck usually follows and the person may also experience seizures, extreme fatigue, sleepiness, photophobia and even certain skin rashes.
Treatment of meningitis:
how is meningitis treated?
The treatment usually depends on the cause of the infection which led to meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is serious and can be fatal thus immediate medical attention is required and early hospitalization is necessary. Your doctor might give you antibiotics to treat this disease.
Viral meningitis usually gets cured on its own after a couple of weeks of symptoms. Viral meningitis’ long term effects are none.
Fungal meningitis is normally treated with antifungal medications.
Now that we know what meningitis is and what this deadly disease does we need to take proper care to prevent it as we know the causes of meningitis and find ways to help those who may show symptoms of meningitis. The meningitis medications such as antibiotics and meningitis treatments will be provided by a trained medical practitioner therefore immediate hospitalization is necessary to save a person’s life.