WHAT IS LYMPHOMA CANCER?
Lymphoma Cancer Definition: Lymphoma cancer (Hodgkin’s disease) is a malignant disease of the lymph system, in which lymph cells degenerate. A swelling or enlargement of a lymph node is called lymphoma. Such a tumour can be both benign and malignant. In malignant tumours, a distinction is made between Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in medicine. The term non-Hodgkin lymphoma summarizes all malignant lymphomas that are not Hodgkin’s disease. If, however, the term “lymphoma” is used in this article, it is always Hodgkin’s disease.
Hodgkin’s disease is relatively rare in comparison to other cancer cases in Germany. This type of lymph gland cancer affects approximately 2,000 people every year. Morbus Hodgkin is particularly frequently diagnosed in people between 20 and 30 years of age as well as between 60 and 70 years.
Characteristic of Hodgkin’s disease is that certain types of cells are detected in the lymph nodes. The so-called Sternberg-Reed cells arise from degenerate B lymphocytes, which multiply uncontrolled and do not die. Due to the many degenerate white blood cells, the immune system of those affected is often weakened by lymph gland cancer. Therefore, those affected are particularly susceptible to infection.
WHAT CAUSES LYMPHOMA CANCER?
Lymphoma Cancer Causes: What is the cause of cancer of the lymph gland, as is the case with many other cancers, is not yet known. However, it is suspected that certain viral diseases increase the risk of developing. Among other things, this is intended for people infected with hepatitis B or C as well as the Epstein-Barr virus. Also, an infection with HIV is to increase the risk of lymph gland cancer.
In addition, scientists assume that genetic factors could also play a role. To date, however, no uniform genetic changes have been observed in persons with lymph gland cancer.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF LYMPHOMA CANCER?
Lymphoma Cancer Symptoms: Typical symptoms of lymph gland cancer are swollen, enlarged lymph nodes that d
o not cause any pain. Swollen lymph nodes, which occur in the context of infectious diseases such as a cold, on the other hand, are painful. In the case of lymph gland cancer, the swelling usually occurs over a period of several weeks. They occur, in particular, on the neck, but also in the armpits, in the chest and abdomen region or in the groin region.
In addition to swollen lymph nodes, there are other signs that may indicate lymph gland cancer, but these symptoms are usually relatively unspecific. This can lead to the following symptoms:
- significant weight loss
- performance degradation
- severe night sweating and recurring fever
After drinking alcoholic beverages, pain in the diseased lymph nodes can occur in rare cases.
In a late stage, cancer can also affect other organs such as the bone marrow, the liver or the spleen. There may be further symptoms such as an enlargement of the spleen or a blood glut.
WHAT IS TREATMENT OF LYMPHOMA CANCER?
Lymphoma Cancer Treatment: The earlier lymphoma cancer tumor is recognized, the better the chances are that the treatment is successful and the patient can be cured. As a rule, malignant lymphomas react very sensitively to radiation or chemotherapy. Which form of therapy is used depends in particular on the stage in which the lymphoma cancer is located.
A combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy is often used in lymphoma cancer. Chemotherapy is usually performed in several cycles. The patient is given cytotoxic agents ( cytostatics ) which destroy fast-dividing cells such as cancer cells. However, since healthy cells are also attacked, side effects such as nausea, vomiting, fatigue, susceptibility to infections, and hair loss may occur.
In radiation therapy, the cancer cells are combated with ionizing radiation. The aim of the treatment is to inhibit or completely prevent cell division. While healthy cells can often repair radiation damage, the repair system of tumour cells works much worse.
Since, however, healthy tissue is generally affected, problems may arise at the heart, the lungs or the thyroid gland, depending on the irradiation site. Affected women also have an increased risk of breast cancer. Even chemotherapy can increase the risk of developing another type of cancer. Overall, however, the utility of the two treatment forms predominates in the case of lymph gland cancer.
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