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Knee Problems: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Knee Problems: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Knee Problems: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Knee pain is one of the most common joint problems. They can suddenly appear, on exposure or at rest, and even become chronic. The localization of the pain can provide an indication of the cause. How do you know if it is a cruciate ligament injury or a meniscus damage? Prevents muscle build-up Knee pain? More about this in the following article.

The knee joint

The knee joint connects the thigh bone, the femur and the lower limb bone, the Tiba to each other and acts as a hinged joint so that it can flex and stretch. Since the two bony joint partners, thigh bones and lower bones do not interlock positively, there is a certain risk of injury and wear. The knee joint is held together and guided by muscles and ligaments – so, for example, the so-called “wiggly knee” can be observed during a weakness of the connective tissue or after an injury. With increasing age the signs are unfortunately on wear, so that knee pain manifests itself. Other loads on the knee joint can be:

  • overweight
  • Axis misalignments, such as X- or O-legs or leg-length differences
  • certain constraints (example: working as tiler in crouching)
  • much running on hard, uneven ground


Pain, even in the region of the knee joint, is distinguished in acute and chronic: while acute pain persists a few hours to days and decays either by itself or by the corresponding therapy, chronic complaints can develop slowly from the beginning or from the acute to the chronic condition pass. Impairments should be clarified by a doctor, a physician or an orthopaedist; the earlier the examination and treatment, the higher the probability of a cure.

The most common causes of knee injuries are:

  • Bone Fracture: Joint processes of the thigh bone, shin bone or knee bone
  • contortion
  • Torn knee at the knee: Sidebands, crossbands , knee-cheek ache, tendon of the thigh muscles
  • Meniscal damage: acute meniscus rupture or chronic meniscal damage
  • irritated mucus bags on the knee
  • Wear of tendons and ligaments: Springer knee (patellar tendinitis syndrome), rheumatoid knee (Iliotibial ligament knee)
  • Knee pain during or after infections

Meniscus, cartilage and capsule damage often occur in accidents. Typical injury mechanism: powerful rotation of the upper body with fixed lower leg and foot. Depending on the effect of the force, isolated meniscus and ligament injuries or combination injuries of meniscus, ligament and capsule structures may occur. Immediately after such an accident, severe pain, movement impairment and joint swelling persist. The presumption of a meniscus injury is obvious when pressure pain is felt over the joint gap and pain is felt in passive rotational movements. Band injuries are detectable by characteristic instability signs during test movements. The X-ray examination reveals bony injuries, but no meniscus,

What can be done as a runner against overload damage

Knee injuries seem to belong to everyday sports. Specially for marathoners, cyclists or triathletes, knee pain is common. Finally, the knee in sports is one of the most commonly damaged body structures. Overload-induced knee problems caused by a lot of training and a muscular weakness can be the result. The affected person should be treated as follows in case of overload damage:

  • reduce your mileage
  • perform coordination and strengthening exercises
  • check your running shoes and if necessary, prescribe insoles from the orthopedic surgeon to avoid foot injuries during walking
  • check whether the substrate is the cause of your pain: On concrete, it is worse than through the forest
  • you can prescribe a physiotherapy
  • if necessary, take anti-inflammatory drugs

Avoid knee pain by strengthening the muscles

The more the thigh muscles are in shape, the better the stability in the knee. In a study conducted in 2006, a six-week training program with 35 patients was carried out – the strengthening of the hip abductors, external rotators and flexors as well as stretching of the hip flexors had the goal that a considerable improvement of the biomechanics was achieved in 93 percent of the study participants in all cases an alleviation of the pain was observed.

To ensure that the knee remains free from pain, it is recommended to stabilize and strengthen the knee with the aid of the mucus support:

  • the general strengthening of the hips and legs, especially the hip abductors
  • one-legged stabilization training on wobbly surfaces and a straight leg axis on holding
  • Mobilization of the ankle joints and stretching of the calf muscle.
  • Self-massage of the lateral thigh and the calf with a massager

Scientifically Proven: Rehab: Pilates exercises for a lean body

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