Hypertension: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments
One of the most commonly diagnosed conditions is that of Hypertension. Hypertension is a global issue and puts a lot of lives in constant danger. We have compiled an article that will define Hypertension, explain the causes of Hypertension, the symptoms of Hypertension that follow as consequence and some Hypertension medications and Hypertension treatment options. For your convenience, we have also made a table so you can identify when you have Hypertension.
Let’s now define Hypertension. Hypertension is another name for High Blood Pressure. Blood pressure is considered to be high when the force that the blood exerts on the walls of the blood vessels rises; this is due to the heart’s steady increase in the pumping of blood.
There are two types of readings for blood pressure: the systolic reading (the pressure with which the heart pumps blood) and the diastolic reading (the pressure when the heart is relaxing and refilling with blood). According to medical guidelines for Hypertension, a blood pressure higher than 140 over 90 mmHg (millimetres of mercury).
Here is the chart for identifying blood pressure readings and interpreting them:
|Systolic Reading||Diastolic Reading|
|Normal Blood pressure||120||80|
|Stage 1 Hypertension||140-159||90-99|
|Stage 2 Hypertension||160||100|
Types of Hypertension:
Primary Hypertension is not caused by any other disease or condition. It can result from blood plasma volumes, hormones and the body’s physical environment such as lack of exercise, acute stress and bad dietary plans.
Secondary Hypertension is a consequence of another disease or condition such as diabetes, kidney diseases, sleep apnea, obesity, pregnancy, pheochromocytoma, Cushing syndrome, hyperthyroidism and CKD (chronic kidney disease).
Causes of Hypertension:
Although the blood pressure of a healthy human being may vary during the day, it is important to keep track of it. Situations such as exercising, fight or flight situations or when a person experiences acute stress, the body’s normal reaction will entail increasing blood pressure. Thus when kept track of the blood pressure, you will notice how readings vary with time. Several readings and their interpretation will help you determine whether the blood pressure stays steady at a high reading or if you have just been occasionally getting high blood pressure.
Hypertension is most common in people who are above 60 years of age. People who are overweight are at a risk of developing high blood pressure as well. If your diet includes a lot of salt-rich and fatty products or if your alcohol and tobacco use is on the rise, you could develop Hypertension.
Symptoms of Hypertension: what are Hypertension symptoms?
Most Hypertension symptoms go undetected however there are some warning signs that show as a consequence of Hypertension. Hypertension may result in heart failure or heart attacks, kidney failure, strokes, aneurysms and hypertensive retinopathies which can cause blindness.
Treatments of Hypertension:
You need to restrict your salt intake so that you can prevent Hypertension. If you want to eliminate any risk of developing Hypertension, then you need to get about 5g of salt in your diet a day. It will also benefit you to reduce your alcohol consumption and decrease any tobacco use.
You also need to make better and healthier life choices such as eating more fruits and vegetables instead of fatty and processed foods. You might benefit from exercising every day, even if for 30 minutes so that you make reduce your weight and decrease the risk of not only Hypertension but also other diseases. Living a lifestyle that allows you to effectively stay away from or at least manage stress effectively will also help your health.
There are certain Hypertension medications and drugs that can help control high blood pressure. You need to consult your doctor before deciding to take any medication for your condition. The doctor will prescribe certain diuretics, central agonists, vasodilators, alpha-blockers, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers and ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors.
Now that you know how to define Hypertension, the causes of Hypertension and Hypertension symptoms, we hope that you are able to effectively look out for this condition when you or any person that you know is suffering from it. We hope you will take heed to the Hypertension treatments mentioned above such as lifestyle changes which influence a great many diseases and take Hypertension medications based on the prescription that your medical practitioner allows you.