Heart disease: definition and types of heart disease!
Heart disease is one of the largest causes of deaths in the world today and has become a major force to be reckoned with. However, certain aspects of heart disease can be prevented while some heart diseases are incurable or result in sudden death. For this reason, we have listed down the definition of heart disease as well as the types of heart disease which result in the malfunctioning of the heart. Thus if you want to learn more about this issue, please take a look below:
Heart disease definition:
let’s now define heart disease!
Heart disease is basically an umbrella term which incorporates certain issues and matters which affect the heart. Heart disease is also known as a cardiac disease as they both describe problems concerning the heart.
Types of heart disease:
There are many types of heart disease, some of which we will try our best to list down and explain below for your convenience:
Congenital heart disease:
Congenital heart disease is a type of heart disease that refers to defects and abnormalities in the heart or the functioning of the heart which occur at birth.
Angina is a type of heart disease that occurs when a heart muscle or a certain part of it does not get enough oxygen to function properly.
Coronary artery disease:
Coronary artery disease is a type of heart disease that occurs when the coronary arteries attached to the heart become damaged. This results in less oxygen supply to the heart.
Dilated cardiomyopathy is a type of heart disease wherein because of lack of efficient oxygen supply to the heart; the heart chambers widen and are left unable to effectively pump blood around the body which results from the heart becoming weak.
Arrhythmia is a type of heart disease that constitutes irregular heartbeats or irregular heart rhythm. Irregular heartbeats are normal because of the electrical impulses of the heart but when very common, they need to be taken seriously.
Congestive heart failure:
Congestive heart failure is more of a consequence rather than a type of heart disease. It is basically a condition where the heart is unable to pump blood into the body which generally affects one side of the body. However, sometimes it might affect both sides and can be fatal.
Mitral valve prolapses:
Mitral valve prolapses occur when the valve, which is in between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart, does not properly close resulting in the valve bulging up and either moving upwards or retreating back into the left atrium.
Heart attack, also medically termed as Myocardial infarction, is one of the leading causes of death. Myocardial infarction or a heart attack can occur when disrupted blood flow or lack of oxygen supply damages the heart. Usually this may occur because of a formation of a blood clot in the arteries or because of a narrowing of the arteries of the heart.
Pulmonary stenosis is a type of heart disease that occurs because of the heart working too hard to pump blood from the right ventricle. This happens because the pulmonary valve becomes too tight and the right ventricle cannot pump blood with ease into the pulmonary artery.
Mitral regurgitation is a type of heart disease that occurs when blood cannot be efficiently pumped through to the whole body because of the loose closing of the mitral valve in the heart which results in the reverse flow of blood right back into the heart.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a type of heart disease that is signified by the heart’s inability or inefficiency in pumping blood. This happens because of the left ventricle becoming too thick which makes it harder for the heart to pump the blood around the body. This type of condition is a genetic heart disease and can be passed on from the parents to the child easily.
As the main aim of this article was to educate you on the types of heart diseases, we certainly hope you had a lot to gain from the information listed above. It is important to notice that heart disease is a very serious issue. The types of heart diseases listed are common in men as well as women and even children. But most of these heart diseases have certain heart disease medications or even heart disease treatments which help ensure you live a long and healthy life