Health insurance report Every third person sleeps badly
Sleep disorders cause stress, depression, obesity and hypertension. Above all, flexible working hours increase the risk, the TK sleep study 2017 shows. A few simple measures can help.
Shift service, street noise or the smartphone in continuous operation: About every third person in Germany sleeps badly. In addition, about a quarter of adults (24 percent) do not come up to the expert’s recommended at least six hours of sleep, as shown on Wednesday in Berlin published sleep study of the Techniker Krankenkasse (TK). After all, two out of three adults can sleep well or even very well.
The proportion of poor sleepers among working people with irregular working hours or shift services is above average. Of these so-called flex workers, as many as 40 percent complain about poor sleep quality; half sleep for a maximum of five hours.
However, if you do not sleep enough, you get sick . The risk of cardiovascular and stomach discomfort, depression and obesity is higher when regular and deep sleep is neglected. The accident risk and the error rate in the job also increase.
Exhausted, irritable, dejected
According to the study, 54 percent of the “bad sleepers” suffer from muscle tension and back pain. For those who sleep well, it is only 35 percent.
If you are sleeping badly, you will also feel:
- exhausted more than twice as often (44 to 21 percent),
- irritated (33 to nine percent) and
- depressed (21 to six percent).
According to the editors, however, the figures do not tell us whether people get sick because they are sleeping badly or if they can not find peace because of health problems.
Sheep count in the east
The job stress is thus among the employees as a disruptive factor for sleep in the first place. “Four out of ten see the main cause of sleep problems here,” said TK CEO Jens Baas. Other reasons are mainly private problems (28 percent) and health complaints (22 percent).
Also regionally there are differences: The worst sleep people in Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia (21 percent), preferably the Baden-Württemberg, where only five percent sleep problems.
For seven percent of adults, the smartphone is also on the bedside table or under the pillow. Particularly high is the proportion of under 30-year-olds: Here, the cell phone disturbs the sleep of every fifth.
As the study further shows, Germany is more of a country of early risers: Out of the feathers, three out of ten respondents think it’s already six o’clock. Another third of the alarm rings between six and seven o’clock – at the latest by seven, almost 60 percent of adults are on their feet. Conversely, on a normal working day at 23 o’clock almost every second adult is in bed.
The most important sleeping rules, collected by the University of Freiburg
- Do not drink caffeinated drinks after lunch
- Avoid alcohol as much as possible
- Do not take any appetite suppressants
- Be physically active regularly
- Reduce mental and physical effort at bedtime
- Introduce a personal sleep-in ritual
- In the bedroom provide a pleasant atmosphere
- Do not look at the clock at night.