EPILEPSY: Causes, Signs and Treatment
In Epilepsy, the influenced individual loses awareness, falls to the ground and starts to jerk fiercely. This is the most well-known description of an epileptic seizure. However, epilepsies, which are caused by functional disorders of the central nervous system, can emerge in an unexpected way. There is no cure for the illness until now, yet drug can diminish the seriousness of numerous patients and somewhat prevent them totally.
WHAT IS EPILEPSY?
Definition of Epilepsy: Epilepsy is a neurological disease which can happen in altogether different structures. It is necessary to diagnose the sickness design, the epilepsy form and the normally epileptic seizure as an indication of the illness.
Epileptic seizures are functional disturbances of the Central Nervous System (CNS, comprising of the mind and spinal line) which are not affected by transient unusual releases of bigger sensory system relationship on the surface of the cerebrum. The attack ceases all the connection of the brain with the body thus disturbing all the functions the brain is responsible for. Epilepsy emerges differently depending on the part of the brain it is originating from. If the attacks are only from a certain part of the brain then it is known as focal seizures. On the other hand, if the whole brain is concerned, it is called a generalized attack. After the epileptic attack, the brain returns to its normal functions. Epilepsy is the disease which is most commonly observed in Central Nervous System.
WHAT CAUSES EPILEPSY?
CAUSES OF EPILEPSY: Epilepsy causes due to the severe damage to the brain but the there’s no particular reason the damage to the brain can be due to any of reason mentioned below:
- an inflammation of the brain
- a cerebral haemorrhage
- an oxygen deficiency during birth
- a brain injury caused by an accident
- a metabolic disorder of the brain
- brain tumors
- Malformations in brain development
- Circulation disorders
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF EPILEPSY?
EPILEPSY SYMPTOMS: The epileptic seizure is the characteristic symptom of epilepsy. However, this can occur in various forms. The one which is observed more often is known as the grand mal. Cramps are most commonly observed during the attack which gets uncontrollable. The tonic phase is followed by the clonic phase. Here the whole body begins to jerk. Under certain circumstances, the patient may bite or even wet his tongue during this phase.
The Absence is the form of epileptic seizure which is not very well known and it is not recognized by the outsider or any unknown person. There are also epileptic seizures in which only a few limbs or a body side twitch, while the affected person remains conscious. But not every epileptic attack is accompanied by convulsions. There are also seizures in which the patient can not be approached, moves back and forth restlessly, makes the same movement again or shows a behaviour that is strange in the particular situation. A particular form of the epileptic attack is called aura or pre-emotions. These attacks are noticed only by the person concerned and are shown, for example, as smell, taste, or acoustic sensations of things which are not present at all.
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR EPILEPSY?
Not every epilepsy is felt as a major exertion. Some patients do not feel affected in their everyday lives, they rarely experience seizures or if they get to face any attack the attack doesn’t bother them very much. While there are a few who get suffer various and strong attacks. Whether a therapy is necessary and how long it has to be carried out is entirely depends on the condition of the patient. The medication only helps in reducing the number of attacks but doesn’t really cure the disease. As a rule, treatment is carried out no later than when there are more than two stressful attacks per year. A combination of drugs is normally prescribed as they’re more effective. Standard drugs most commonly used in epilepsy are drugs such as carbamazepine and valproate.
The therapy depends, on the type of seizures. The doctor specifically prescribes drugs that reduce the risk of further epileptic seizures (anticonvulsants, somewhat imprecise antiepileptics). In persons with whom drug therapy has no effect and epileptic seizures still occur, there are further therapeutic possibilities, for example seizure self-control and epilepsy surgery.
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