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Disc Prolapse: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Disc Prolapse: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Disc Prolapse: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

An intervertebral disc is a breakthrough of the gall core of a disc by its fibre ring. As a result, he can press on nerves and cause pain. Many sufferers suddenly experience a herniated disc as a pricking pain; others live with it for a long time without notice. A herniated disc can have many different symptoms. There are just as many different types of treatment in the case of a herniated disc. While physiotherapy and painkillers are sufficient in most cases, surgery is sometimes necessary. About 80 percent of Germans are at least once in their lives because of back pain in medical treatment. An intervertebral disk incident is one of the most common problems. In doing so, one can well prevent this suffering with a healthy lifestyle as well as targeted back-training.

Disc Prolapse Causes: Causes and Genesis

Without the 23 discs, our spine would be stiff. The spine is movable only thanks to the small elastic discs, which lie as a buffer between the individual vertebrae. They consist of a gelatin core, which is enclosed and held together by a solid fibre ring. These shock absorbers absorb liquid and nutrients from the tissue fluid at night, as sponges, in order to release them during the day during loading.

As the age progresses, however, the intervertebral discs lose the ability to regenerate and become profitable. This not only makes the softcore less elastic, but also the protective ring becomes porous and forms cracks. Thus liquid can escape from the core and spread in the surrounding tissue. The intervertebral disc “falls in front”, resulting in a disc prolapse.

Disc Prolapse: not always there are signs

Depending on where the core slides, the affected person is now experiencing complaints. If he presses against a nerve or the spinal cord, it can lead to stinging, paralyzing pain. Otherwise, it can also happen that a herniated disc does not cause any pain and remains unrecognized for years.

Typical symptoms of disc herniation

In addition, the area in which disc herniation occurs. It occurs most frequently in the lumbar spine (LWS), relatively rarely the cervical spine (Cervical spine) is affected. Accordingly, perceptible symptoms in the intervertebral disc disease on the cervical spine or lumbar spine are also quite different:

  • In most cases, a lumbar disc prolapse is associated with symptoms such as pain in the back, which later also spread into the legs and feet.
  • In the intervertebral disc disease, pain occurs in the area of the shoulders, arms, and hands.
  • If the disc is pressed against the spinal cord, pain in the arms and legs can be very intense, with numbness and tingling.
  • Even the sphincter muscles of the bladder and intestine can be impaired.

Whether an intervertebral disk operation must be operated or a physiotherapy is sufficient, the treating physician must decide.

Disc Prolapse surgery: treatment and therapy

With mobility tests, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance tomography (MRI), a physician can recognize the severity of a disc herniation and suggest a method of treatment. An x-ray image, on the other hand, is of little use in this case, since the intervertebral discs are not visible during X-rays. In most cases, the patient is treated with analgesic drugs, heat supply and a targeted physiotherapy.

Disc Prolapse surgery: rarely necessary

An operation (intervertebral disc surgery) is necessary only in about ten percent of cases. The destroyed disc tissue is removed. A pain reduction does not always occur after the procedure. The scar tissue can proliferate and push itself to the nerve, which causes the pain to return.

To really get rid of discomfort after a herniated disc, the affected person must become active. And with a lot of movement. Whether regular walks or targeted equipment training in the back school – everything that the back and abdominal muscles build up, also helps the intervertebral disc. No surgeon or pain reliever can replace a stable muscle corset, which gives the intervertebral discs the necessary stability.

Scientifically Proven: Vasculitis allergica: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Therapy

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