WHAT IS COLORECTAL CANCER?
Colorectal Cancer Definition: is also identified as bowel cancer, colon cancer or rectal cancer, which can be any cancer (a growth, lump, tumour) of the colon and the rectum. Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancer types in Western countries, both in women and men. In Germany, more than 70,000 people develop colorectal cancer annually and nearly 30,000 dies. Colorectal carcinoma (colorectal carcinoma) accounts for over 90% of the malignant intestinal tumours. It is assumed that not only genetic predispositions but also the lifestyle contribute to the development of colorectal cancer. Lack of exercise and a low-fibre diet are the main factors responsible for this.
Colorectal cancer makes itself felt late by symptoms such as constipation, convulsions or persistent diarrhoea. Therefore, these harmless complaints should also be clarified by a doctor and a colorectal cancer screening examination can be carried out even at a young age. It is important to know about colorectal cancer, prevention, symptoms and early detection.
WHAT CAUSES COLORECTAL CANCER?
Colorectal Cancer Causes: Doctors and Researchers are not sure about the causes behind the occurrence of Colorectal Cancer. There are many risk factors which are associated with the disease which can make cancer worse.
- excessive fats, animal protein and dietary fats intake.
- a family history of colorectal cancer
- ulcerative colitis
- Untreated polyps in the colon can develop into cancer.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF COLORECTAL CANCER?
Colorectal Cancer Symptoms: An indeterminate performance reduction, increased fatigue, pale skin, unclear weight loss, possibly slight fever and unusually strong night sweats: All these general symptoms are uncharacteristic, but can already be indications of a developing bowel cancer disease. Since they are too ambiguous, they are usually not properly evaluated and colorectal cancer has time to evolve.
The first signs of colorectal cancer, which should serve as a typical warning signal and give reason to visit the doctor without delay, are visible blood clots in the stool, changes in the chair habits, especially change between diarrhea and constipation, but also frequent urge to stool and putrid and purulent Stool odor, recurring abdominal pain and flatulence, especially with accompanying bowel movements.
Signs of colorectal cancer in the rectum: The repeated embolism and changes in the chair habits proved to be the most powerful signs of colorectal cancer. Nevertheless, one can never say: Any blood, so no colon cancer. Since blood clots in the stool often also occur in haemorrhoids, it is not advisable to detach blood deposits, but also to carry out a thorough examination of colorectal cancer, even with existing haemorrhoids.
When colon cancer is localized in the rectum, it often causes painful bowel movements and mucus-mixed blood deposits. If a tumour already narrows the rectum, a so-called “pencil chair” is the consequence and it comes to an involuntary chair and wind exit. Particularly in the case of an intestinal tumour on the right side, hardening is sometimes palpable.
HOW IS COLORECTAL CANCER TREATED?
Colorectal Cancer Treatment: The earlier a finding (polyp or cancer ) is detected, the smaller the procedure and the better the prognosis. The aim of the therapy is to heal the sufferers of his cancer treatment (curative therapy). The age and general condition, as well as the extent of a tumour, are important influencing variables.
- Surgical intervention: The core element is still the operational intervention. The surgeon tries to obtain the aftermath muscle when removing the affected area of the colon, in order to maintain normal bowel emptying. However, this is not always possible, especially when cancer sits in the lower intestine section or has already spread strongly. The intestinal is then passed through the abdomen through an artificial intestinal outlet (colostomy). The metastases (for the most part in the liver) are also surgically removed if possible. In recent years, as additional treatment options, superheating (hyperthermia) by microwaves or with the introduction of chemical agents has been added directly in the metastasis. The combination of surgery and subsequent chemotherapy can improve the prognosis. There is hope that in the future healing will be possible even in the case of extensive illnesses.
- Palliative therapy: If an operation is not in question, attempts are made to achieve an alleviation of the symptoms (palliative therapy). This is achieved by maintaining the intestinal permeability (bottlenecks may be irradiated with a laser) and the use of chemotherapy and x-rays.
- The right diet: Various substances in the food are said to have an intestinal protective function, For example, vitamins (vitamin E, C, folic acid ) and acetylsalicylic acid. However, some studies have shown contradictory results – in some cases, even more, cancer cases were observed in highly dosed vitamins. Instead of taking food supplements, it is, therefore, more sensible to look for a versatile and balanced diet: low in fat, carbohydrate and fibre, lots of vegetables and fruits, plenty of liquid, usually green tea.