Chicken eye: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnostics & Treatment
But unpleasant but harmless: chicken sucking occurs in areas where great pressure or friction acts. Often the wrong footwear is the cause of corneal thickening. Find out how a chicken eye is formed, how it can be treated, and which home remedies are effective.
As a chicken eye (clavus), medical practitioners call a local thickening of the cornea. Due to a permanent pressure load or too much friction, the skin is initially irritated and produces more horn, in order to intercept and reduce the pressure. The result is that a swallow is produced. This thickness increasingly and the keratin grows wedge-shaped into deeper skin layers. A misalignment of the bones can also lead to increased pressure and thus to a chicken eye. Dry and chapped skin is another risk factor.
Chickens’ eyes are most frequently found on the feet. Both the soles as well as the toes or the sides of the feet have chicken eyes. The reason for this is mostly the wrong footwear. Too narrow or high shoes usually exert unpleasant pressure on the feet and thus cause the keratinization at the pressure points. That is why women are more often affected by Clavi than men. Poultry eyes can also occur on the hands and fingers. Anyone who exerts a lot of pressure on the middle finger through excessive writing with a pen can create a chicken eye here. Also, operating a machine or a game console can lead to skin changes.
Difference of chicken eye and wart
A chicken’s eye is usually around keratin, which grows wedge-shaped into the depth. On the surface, the horny wedge can be seen as a yellowish spot. The appearance of a clavus remembers the eye of a bird – hence the name. However, chicken suckers are also known as horn or crow eye. The Latin name “Clavus” means “nail”.
Some wart species look very similar to a chicken eye. Plantar warts usually occur at the feet. However, they are flatter than chicken eyes and go even deeper. In the case of thorns, the formation of a horn wedge may occur similar to that of the clavicle. In the middle of it are usually small blue dots, which are formed from clotted blood. The cause of warts is however in an infection with the human Papillomavirus (HPV). Therefore, warts are contagious – chicken suckling is not.
Different types of chicken eye
But there are also differentiation among the chicken eye. They can be optically different and the treatment is also different. One divides:
- Clavus durus: chicken eye with a hard corneal core
- Clavus mollis: corn with a soft and rather flat core (often in between the toes)
- Clavus vascularis: Chicken eye with small blood vessels
- Clavus neurovascularis: chicken eye with nerves and blood vessels (very painful)
- Clavus subungualis: chicken eye under a nail
- Clavus neurofibrosum: large-area corn (balls and sole are usually affected)
- Clavus papillaris: corn with fluid retention in the center (white edge limits the corns)
- Clavus miliaris: non-deep keratin in places which are not exposed to pressure; therefore also called Pseudohühnerauge
Symptoms of the chicken: pain under load possible
Depending on the type of chicken, various symptoms occur. If a chicken eye reaches into deep skin layers and affects nerve tracts, the pressure on the keratinized site can lead to severe pain. The foot may no longer be loaded.
The fluid can accumulate (oedema) or change the tissue around the core of the chicken egg. Inflammation can, therefore, be an unpleasant accompaniment to the clavus. Expresses a deep-reaching corn on a joint capsule or bone skin, it can cause adhesions and periosteal inflammation.
Is a corn scratched or gets it cracks easily germs can enter the body and cause inflammation.
Foot deficiencies favour chicken eye
In addition to unsuitable footwear, misalignment of the feet can lead to increased pressure on the skin and thus to the chicken eye. Anyone suffering from a hallux valgus (deformation of the big toe), a hammer toe or bony excrescences on the feet is endangered to develop chicken eyes. Often, orthopaedic insoles help to reduce the pressure and thus prevent the keratinization of the skin.
Diabetics are also increasingly affected by chicken suckers. As they may have a diminution of pain in the region of the feet, they notice painful calluses very late and chickens can easily develop. People who are suffering from diabetes mellitus should therefore regularly check their feet or take a medical foot care.
Treatment of a chicken leg: removal of the cornea
Who wants to treat a chicken eye must first determine the exact cause and extinguish. If too narrow or pointed shoes are the reason for the keratin, you should wear more flat and wide shoes in the right size. If the cause is not remedied, there is probably always a proliferation in the same place.
To a certain extent, a clavus can be treated independently. If there is no painful change in the skin, the layer of the horn can gradually be removed. To do so, take a warm foot bath daily and soften the skin. A pumice stone can then be used to remove the keratinized skin gradually. After the treatment, a refatting cream should be applied, which keeps the skin supple and prevents drying out. Repeat this procedure until the chicken eye is completely removed.
Home remedies can help against chicken eye
If you want to help the success something jumps can try some simple home remedies. It can help to disintegrate up to five aspirin tablets (active ingredient: salicylic acid) with a mortar and stir with a teaspoon of water to a slurry. This mash is applied to the chicken eye, the foot is wrapped in a warm towel or warm gauze. After 15 minutes the skin is soft and swollen and the chicken eye can be detached. Here, however, it is important to rub only the fleshy skin, since the active ingredient can harm the healthy skin.
The foot bath is excellent for freshly brewed camomile tea. Cook the tea and allow it to cool slightly. Then bathe the feet (or hands, if the chicken eye sits on a finger) for a quarter of an hour in the tea. Chamomile is anti-inflammatory and the warm water soaks the keratinized skin. The cornea can then be removed with the pumice stone.
A sharp or sharp object should never be used in the independent treatment of a chicken leg. It can result in deep injuries and resulting inflammation.
Means from the pharmacy: pavement against chicken eye
If the home remedies do not work as desired, preparations can be purchased at the pharmacy. Special chicken eye patches are placed on the affected site and for several days (depending on the preparation, observe the package insert!). They usually contain the active ingredient salicylic acid, which softens the skin. The medicinal softening of the skin is also possible by a tincture, solution or ointment. The doctor or the pharmacist can recommend appropriate preparations. Following the treatment, the chicken eye can be easily removed and removed.
A fatty ointment can be used to protect the healthy skin around the chicken eye. It protects the healthy tissue from the active ingredients.
Professional treatment: The dermatologist or the podiatrist is the contact person
In case of painful chicken eyes and if the home remedies and the preparations from the pharmacy have shown no effect, the walk to the doctor is necessary. The physician is the first contact person and can transfer the affected person to a suitable specialist. Very deeply grown chicken eyelets may be surgically removed. In most cases, however, a distance with the cutter or the scalpel is sufficient.
Also a podologist (medical pedicure) can expertly remove chicken eyes. He also produces individual shoe inserts which take the pressure off the affected area and thus prevent the re-formation of a chicken leg.
Treatment in children: doctor’s visit is important
If chicks occur in children, a doctor should be advised. Your skin is very sensitive and easily vulnerable. The manual scrubbing or rasping after a foot bath should only be tried very carefully. Medicines advise against treatment with salicylic acid. The paediatrician can best assess a chicken eye and recommend which treatment is appropriate.
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