BREAST CANCER: SYMPTOMS, CAUSES, RISK FACTORS AND TREATMENTS
The great population of the woman is the victim of Breast Cancer and most of them are still unaware of the presence of Breast Cancer in their body. Breast Cancer Awareness regarding the symptoms and precautions should be reached to every single woman so that they can take better care of themselves. Cancer is normally known as a silent killer if not diagnosed in early stages but the treatment for breast cancer has been found which has been successful in increasing the recovery rate from cancer. Breast Cancer risks can be reduced through maximum awareness among the population.
WHAT IS BREAST CANCER?
Human Body goes through many development stages while going through puberty, especially female body. Development and structure of woman’s breast are quite complex i.e it is comprised of fat, lobules, milk glands and connective tissues. The lobule is a gland that produces milk. Cancer is abnormal growth ofcells which negatively affect the healthy cells. Cancer cells can be either malignant cancer or benign cancer. Malignant Cancer spreads out in the other parts of the body while that of Benign Cancer it keeps growing at the place from where it was originated and doesn’t invade other parts of the body.
Breast Cancer Classification: Breast cancer is classified into two:
- Lobular Carcinoma: It is originated by abnormal cell growth in milk making glands called lobule.
- Ductal carcinoma: There are ducts in the breast which carry milk from the gland to the nipple. Ductal carcinoma is flourished in those ducts.
BREAST CANCER SYMPTOMS:
Following are the indications of Breast Cancer:
- Breast Cancer lumps in or around the breast.
- Abnormal shape of the breast.
- Inverted Nipples
- Blood secretion from the breast.
- Redness and Pain around the Breast.
WHAT CAUSES BREAST CANCER?
Cancer develops by abnormal growth of regular cells of the body due to the mutation in DNA. Proto-oncogenesis facilitates the continuous cell growth and the process is referred to as oncogenes.
BREAST CANCER RISK FACTORS:
There are certain Breast Cancer Risk Factors which are controllable while some are incontrollable classified accordingly below:
Alcohol Intake: Excessive alcohol consumption weakens the body and degrades the body’s healthy functionality. Body with heavy alcohol consumption invites as dangerous diseases as Breast Cancer which can either be malignant or benign.
Obesity: Menopause is a stage in woman’s life from which onwards the menstrual cycle ends for life time. after this stage woman should take a lot of care of her weight because higher weight causes higher levels of estrogen resulting in greater risk for Breast cancer.
Oral Contraceptive Consumption: Use of oral Contraceptives might also increase the chances of Breast Cancer. Hormonal Therapies can also be problematic.
Family History/ Genetics: Those women having breast cancer in the family even farmost relatives are likely to be the victim of Breast Cancer. There are few genes which are BRCA1 and BRCA2 which increase the risk of developing Breast Cancer.
Distinctive History: The Victim might be the breast cancer patient before or she might have non-cancerous breast lumps which would be treated but after a period of time breast lumps can develop again in the form of breast cancer. The personal history really matters.
Estrogen Release: Heavy estrogen release for the longer period of time can greatly contribute the chances to increase the risk factor for Breast Cancer.
BREAST CANCER TREATMENT:
Is Breast Cancer Curable? Yes!(most of the times) But the treatment entirely depends on the stage, type and severity of the Cancer.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is performed for multiple purposes. Fo=irstly it can either adjuvant or non-adjuvant. In Adjuvant Chemotherapy, cytotoxic drugs are used to kill cancer cells so that they can not grow again while in Non-Adjuvant Chemotherapy is to shrink the size of a tumour so that surgery can be performed to easily remove it. Chemotherapy is also performed to reduce and control estrogen secretions.
- Radiation Therapy: Supervised Radiation Beams are used for killing the remaining cancer cells to inhibit the entire activity of the disease in the body. session of therapy entirely depends on the severity of disease and condition of the patient.
- Surgery: Type of surgery depends on the Stage of Cancer:
- Lumpectomy: To remove a small tumour and even a smaller proportion of healthy cells around it to avoid its regeneration.
- Mastectomy: Removal of the entire duct, lobule, nipple or skin where cancer cell resides.
- Sentinel node biopsy: Removing out the complete lymph to restrain the cancer cell movement in the lymphatic system.
- Axillary lymph node dissection: If cancer resides in sentinel nodes then removal of several nodes from armpits gets mandatory to stop cancer from spreading out in the body.
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