ALZHEIMER’S: RESEARCH, SYMPTOMS, PATHOGENESIS AND TREATMENT: What is Alzheimer’s? Alzheimer’s is the form of Dementia (reduced memory and other thinking problems) and it is a progressive disease. A progressive disease means that it will only increase over time and no medication can treat it up. There’s no permanent cure yet found for Alzheimer’s have been found so whoever who has once caught by this disease will stay its victim. Survival from Alzheimer’s tough as it keeps on growing.
It starts from lenient difficulty in recalling things and gradually leads to complete memory loss and forgetting even your loved ones. When the patient has been suffering from Alzheimer’s for long it is very difficult for him or her to have long conversations because the patient might forget that what he’s been talking about and it gets quite impossible for them to adjust themselves according to the running environment.
ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE RESEARCH:
Researchers have said that Alzheimer’s is not age specific any one can be Alzheimer’s target but it is normally found in the people of age 65 and above. Scientists and doctors have been putting a lot of time in finding the cure for Alzheimer’s yet they failed. Prescribed medicines can only help in treating the symptoms, not the actual disease which only increases the survival timing for the patient.
RECALLING ISSUE/ MEMORY LOSS: when the Alzheimer’s is at the very basic stage its most common symptom is that the patient starts to forget very frequently. At the beginning they forgetfulness is not long-term but by the time it increases turning into a long-term memory loss which never seems to recover.
Don’t confuse your routine habit of forgetting things with Alzheimer’s, the disease is way too worse and Patient seems to lose the track of whatever he or she has been through. this symptom starts from forgetting the content of the conversation and results in for getting the past, entirely.
BEHAVIOURAL ISSUES: His confusion and forgetting problem make him lose all of his trust and interest in the people he has been surrounded with. This mistrust feeling forces him to isolate him self from his social circle. by the time it becomes very difficult for him to get indulge in any conversation because all he would be doing in a conversation is either repeating or forgetting statements.
INEFFICIENCY: Alzheimer’s causes the patient to become an incapable, inefficient and confused personality. this makes the person lose all of his concentration towards work and life this results in making him inefficient as he’s been unable to perform any task of life. every task that he or she is liable to perform ends up either in a disaster or left undone as the patient has lost his capabilities, wholly.
DECISION-MAKING POWER: The incapability of the patient to analyze things and situation correctly makes him lose all his power to make and implement any decisions.
There is no particular cause of Alzheimer’s. patient seems to develop it by the combination of genetical, biological and environmental issues. Negative changes function off brain cells might lead towards abnormalities and can make susceptible to be the victim of Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s directly attacks brain cells which either kill them or make them not to function properly.
Protein clumps of Beta-amyloid normally known as Plaque impair the functioning of brain cells in two ways. firstly by interfering in the communication between cells, Secondly by making a layer outside the brain thus diminishing the brain-body contact. every cell in the body needs nutrition and brain cells get their nutrition through the threads of a protein known as tau. in Alzheimer’s threads of tau get tangled so badly that the nutrition system is impaired. “Brain cells not getting enough nutrition” can be a reason of the brain cell death.
WHAT TREATS ALZHEIMER’S?
researchers are unable to find a permanent cure for Alzheimer’s although they have developed ways to treat the symptoms to a greater extent so that the patient can live relatively for a longer time period. Still, all these medications and treatments have failed to stop brain cell death or to make a recovery from the damage to the brain. The Alzheimer’s Association has developed following ways to support an Alzheimer’s patient:
- Encouraging them in healthy activities.
- Morally Supporting them,
- Adult day Care System.
- Enhancing their social interaction to rebuild their confidence.
- Medication: Alantamine Rivastigmine, Tacrine and Donepezil can help in treating the symptoms.
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